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UNIQLO Business Model

Last Updated: 2021.02.26
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UNIQLO is able to produce such an amazing number of unique products because our business model unifies the entire clothes-making process--from planning and design through production, distribution, and retail. UNIQLO's market share is expanding worldwide as it develops radical new materials together with the world's best fabric technology innovators and creates basic designs using superior natural materials. UNIQLO LifeWear is high-quality, innovative clothing that is universal in design and comfort. It is made for everyone, everywhere. UNIQLO leverages today's increasingly digital world to communicate directly with customers and quickly transform their desires into actual products.

Research & Development (Designers/Pattern Makers) Development and Procurement of Materials Merchandising Production Department UNIQLO Takumi Team Production Network Inventory Control Marketing Stores Online Sales Customer Creation Team


Research & Development (Designers/Pattern Makers)

UNIQLO's R&D centers constantly research the latest in new materials and global fashions in addition to developing products to satisfy customer needs. Identifying entirely new needs is also an important part of the R&D job.
One year before a product's intended launch, the R&D department holds a concept meeting with representatives from the merchandising, marketing, and materials development teams to determine the right design concept for each season. Designers then prepare designs and refine samples. Even after a design is decided, its color and silhouette can be refined multiple times before the final design is approved.

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Merchandisers play a vital role in the product creation process, from design through production. They communicate closely with all departments before determining the designs and materials required for each season's products. Merchandisers also decide how to market our strategic product launches in close cooperation with the appropriate departments. Deciding product lineups and volumes throughout the year is another important part of their role.
Many UNIQLO products are manufactured in huge batches of approximately one million units. Closely monitoring sales levels and adjusting production volumes during a single season is another key role of the merchandising department.

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Development and Procurement of Materials

UNIQLO can secure stable, high-volume supplies of top-quality materials at low cost by negotiating directly with materials manufacturers worldwide and placing large-volume orders to achieve the most favorable terms.
The materials used for our core items are particularly important. Our in-depth research and experimentation generates improvements in the functionality, feel, silhouette, and texture of our clothes. For example, we work closely with Kaihara Corporation to source denim to specific spinning standards and dyeing specifications. We also partner with Toray Industries, a world-leading synthetic fiber manufacturer, to create innovative new fiber and materials, such as HEATTECH.

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Production Network

UNIQLO does not own any factories. We outsource all production to partner factories, many of which are in China. We have built strong relationships of trust with our partner factories over many years, and hold annual conventions to promote dialogue with factory managers. We monitor working and environmental conditions at textile manufacturers and major fabric suppliers to ensure products are being manufactured correctly. We help factories implement improvements when needed. Maintaining a win-win relationship with partner factories ensures the production of high-quality products.
As UNIQLO expands globally, we have also formed business relationships with partner factories in other countries, including Vietnam, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and India.

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Production Department

UNIQLO currently has production team staff and textile takumi (skilled artisans) in Shanghai, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, Jakarta, Istanbul, and Bengaluru. Production teams tasked with monitoring production processes and resolving quality and management challenges visit partner factories each week. The production department also swiftly addresses any quality-related concerns voiced by customers and implements improvements if required.

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UNIQLO Takumi Team

"By offering instruction on dyeing technology at UNIQLO's partner factories, I can encourage workers to embrace a new production management philosophy and improve the factories they work in. Our cultures may be different, but our aim is the same----to make truly good products. I am proud to be passing on expert Japanese techniques to the next generation of technicians."

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Inventory Control

The inventory control department maintains the optimum level of store inventory. It does this by monitoring sales and stock on a weekly basis, and then dispatching necessary inventory and new products to fulfill orders.
At the end of each season, merchandisers and the marketing department work together to coordinate the timing of any price changes to help ensure that inventory sells out.

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Each season, UNIQLO conducts promotional campaigns for core products such as HEATTECH, Ultra Light Down, AIRism, and Bratops. During the campaigns, UNIQLO advertises the products' unique qualities and noteworthy features on TV and in other media. In Japan, we use email, social media, and flyers delivered with national newspapers to notify customers about limited-period discounts, typically of 20% to 30%, on new seasonal ranges.

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UNIQLO Japan had 813 stores (including 46 franchise stores) at the end of August 2020. UNIQLO International expanded to 1,439 stores, including 866 in Greater China (Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), 163 in South Korea, 248 in Southeast Asia & Oceania, 100 in Europe, and 62 in North America. We have been accelerating new store openings primarily in Greater China and Southeast Asia.

Japan store locator

Global store locator

UNIQLO store openings/closings (Japan)

You can see photos of UNIQLO Japan stores in Photo Library.
Photo Library | UNIQLO Japan

You can see photos of UNIQLO International stores in Photo Library.
Photo Library | UNIQLO International

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The importance of our e-commerce operation is growing as more customers enjoy shopping both online and in stores. In FY2020, online sales accounted for approximately 15% of total sales. Geographically, online sales accounted for roughly 13% of total sales in Japan, 20% in Greater China, 10% in Southeast Asia & Oceania, 20% in Europe, and 40% in North America. Going forward, we will further expand complementary online and offline services, and target 30% annual growth in online sales.

UNIQLO online store

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Customer Center

Our customer center analyzes huge volumes of requests and comments from customers, a vital part of improving our clothing ranges and developing new products. For instance, in FY2020, we received many requests from customers in the wake of COVID-19 to create a face mask made from highly functional AIRism material. Going forward, the customer center will further improve its collection and analysis of customer opinions, and strengthen communication links with the production and planning departments.

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